Irenaeus

Irenaeus
(fl. 180)
   Bishop of Lyons and a biblical theologian, Irenaeus had little time for formal philosophy. His work Against Heresies (177) is concerned with the refutation of Gnosticism, a polymorphous movement that threatened to undermine Christianity with its rigorous dualism between matter and spirit and its view of salvation through secret knowledge. To counter this threat, Irenaeus emphasised the unity of the Old and New Testaments as the work of one God revealed in Jesus Christ and the Spirit. Irenaeus developed a Trinitarian theology of mediation, describing the Son and Spirit as God's 'two hands' in the world. In Proof of the Apostolic Preaching he refutes Gnostics that claim to possess a secret knowledge from the Apostles by his appeal to the public teachings of orthodoxy in the apostolic succession traceable through the Roman bishops. Among his other arguments is an influential conception of humans as created imperfect, a theory that would influence eastern theology and later be used by John Hick for a modern 'soul-making' theodicy.
   Further reading: Grant 1996; Irenaeus 1883-4 and 1992

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Irenaeus — Infobox Saint name=Saint Irenaeus birth date=2nd century death date=202 feast day=June 28 (Roman Catholic Church); August 23 (Eastern Orthodox Church) venerated in=Roman Catholic Church Eastern Orthodox Church Lutheran Church Anglican Communion… …   Wikipedia

  • Irenaeus — (c. 130–c. 200)    Bishop, Theologian and Saint.    Irenaeus is thought to have been born in Smyrna since, as a boy, he heard St polycarp. He became a Presbyter in Lyons, Gaul, and was commissioned to ask Bishop Eleutherus of Rome for toleration… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • IRENAEUS — I. IRENAEUS Comes, tempore Theodosii Inn. ab hoc ad Conc. Ephesinum missus, protector nestorii fuit. Dein a Theodoreto Ep. Tyri ordinatus, indetum, quod Nestorianus, tum quod bigamus, pulsus est. Item, Ep. Caesareae, A. C. 454. interfuit Synodo a …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Irenaeus — noun Greek theologian who was bishop of Lyons and an antiheretical writer; a saint and Doctor of the Church (circa 130 200) • Syn: ↑Saint Irenaeus, ↑St. Irenaeus • Topics: ↑Roman Catholic, ↑Western Church, ↑Roman Catholic Church, ↑Church of Rome …   Useful english dictionary

  • Irenaeus — Irénée de Lyon Pour les articles homonymes, voir Irénée. Saint Irénée Irénée de Lyon ou saint Irénée (en grec ancien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irenaeus, S. (1) — 1S. Irenaeus, (10. Febr.), auch Hyrenaeus, Hereneus und Irenaea, ein Martyrer zu Rom. Im Mart. Rom. steht er auch am 10. Febr. S. S. Zoticus. (II. 380.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Irenaeus, S. (2) — 2S. Irenaeus. Ep. M. (25. al. 24. März, 6. April, 23. 28. Aug.). Dieser hl. Bischof Irenäus, welcher auch Hyrenaeus, Hyreneus, Herenius und Hereneus genannt wird, war früher verheiratet und Vater mehrerer Kinder, wurde aberdann Bischof von… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Irenaeus, S. (3) — 3S. Irenaeus, (26. al. 27. März, 6. April), auch Hyrenaeus, Hirenaeus, Hirinus und Hirmus, ein Diakon und Martyrer in dem libyschen Fünfstädtebereich (Pentapolis). S. S. Theodorus. (III. 617.) …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Irenaeus, S. (4) — 4S. Irenaeus, M. (1. April.) Diesen heil. Martyrer bringt am 1. April das Mart. Rom., wie die Boll. meinen, irrthümlich mit Quinctianus in Verbindung und nennt Beide Martyrer in Armenien. Die Bollandisten glauben, es sei S. Herenaeus1, der unter… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

  • Irenaeus, S. (6) — 6S. Irenaeus, Ep. M. (28. Jun. al. 23. Aug.). Dieser hl. Irenäus, Bischof von Lyon, der zweite dieses Sitzes, der auch als Erenaeus, Hireneus, Hiereneus, Hyrenaeus und Ireneus gefunden wird, war nach W.W. (K. L. VI. 681) geboren um das J. 120… …   Vollständiges Heiligen-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”